What is the world doing to help these street children?
1. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is used by UNICEF as the framework for all its work. This UN Convention is a human right’s treaty that is specific to the rights of children. It was adopted in November 1989 and has been ratified by 191 out of the 193 countries. Therefore it is a global bill of rights governing the status and treatment of children worldwide.
Key principles and provisions of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child consists of 54 articles. Anyone under the age of eighteen is regarded as a child. The key provisions of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child are:
The right to a childhood (including protection from harm)
The right to be educated (including all girls and boys completing primary school)
The right to be healthy (including having clean water, nutritious food and medical care)
The right to be treated fairly (which includes changing laws and practices that discriminate against children)
The right to be heard (which includes considering children's views)
Byagreeing to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, governments pledged to safeguard children from harm, abuse, exploitation, violence and neglect. Yet millions of children, worldwide, have their rights violated; their governments failing to protect them. Countries need to do more.
The Conventionlays out, in specific terms, the legal duties of governments to children. Children’s survival, development and protection are now no longer matters of charitable concern but of moral and legal obligation.